2015;Geissmann and Bleisch 2008;Stone 2011;Zhou et … It holds this opinion-based distinction for several reasons. Scientific name: Nomascus hainanusOrder: PrimatesFamily: HylobatidaeIUCN Red List: Critically EndangeredCITES: Appendix IState Key Protected Animal List of China: Class I. It holds this opinion-based distinction for several reasons. Hainan gibbons, or Nomascus hainanus, love to sing. Hainan black crested gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) is one of the world's most endangered primates. De Hainangibbon is een endemische soort die alleen voorkomt op het eiland Hainan ( China ). Only around 25 remain. De Hainangibbon ( Nomascus hainanus) is een soort van de familie gibbons (Hylobatidae) en de superfamilie van de mensapen. They also differ in having longer … Size: 17 to 25 inches. These characteristics, in association with the newly discovered genetic differences, suggest that the Hainan gibbon and eastern black gibbon be considered distinct species (Roos and Nadler 2005; Roos et al. The Hainan gibbon species is restricted to just 0.8 sq mi (2 sq km) within the Bawangling National Nature Reserve on the western side of Hainan Island in the South China Sea. Geographic Range. Only around 25 remain. Waarschijnlijk was de voorkeurshabitat tropisch laaglandbos, maar dat is sinds de jaren 1960 omgezet in rubberplantages. Geographic Range. The Hainan Gibbon is the rarest primate on Earth. The Hainan gibbon or Hainan black-crested gibbon of China (Nomascus hainanus) is critically endangered and is the rarest primate in the world. In 2015, only 10 animals existed, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, or the IUCN. De Hainangibbon wordt in zijn voortbestaan ernstig bedreigd door aantasting van het leefgebied en doordat er nog zo weinig van over zijn. Hainan Black Crested Gibbon Facts Most notably, the Hainan Black Crested Gibbon ranks as one of the most fascinating of all primate species. Hainan gibbon ‘clinging on’ with 25 left in China. CBSG facilitated and provided modeling support at an international workshop for Hainan gibbons, which are some of the most endangered primates in the world. The discovery of a new breeding pair raises hope for the survival of the world's rarest primate, the Hainan Gibbon. Hainan Gibbon Fun Facts (I) 2 August 2018 | China Eco Tales. The Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus), once widespread across Hainan, China, is now found only in the Bawangling National Nature Reserve. There were around 2000 of them living in the wild around 70 years ago. Males are larger than females. Over 2,000 individuals were estimated to live throughout the island in the 1950s, but due to rampant poaching and forest loss, the population declined sharply to less than 10 individuals in the 1970s. Its habitat consists of broad-leaved forests and semi-deciduous mons… The Hainan gibbon or Hainan black-crested gibbon of China (Nomascus hainanus) is critically endangered and is the rarest primate in the world. Oct 15, 2012 - Learn more about the Hainan gibbon - with amazing Hainan gibbon photos and facts on Arkive 2007). Facts: The entire Hainan gibbon population of only 23-25 individuals is restricted to about 15km2 of highly fragmented habitat. Rond 2008 kwamen er nog maar een paar groepen voor in het natuurreservaat Bawangling, waar ze leefden in hellingbossen tussen de 650 en 1200 m boven de zeespiegel. The species have very different looking adult males and females: Adult males are jet black with a hairy crest, while adult females are golden yellow with a black crown. The government then established the Bawangling National Nature Reserve to connect the fragmented habitats of the species. Gibbons are the true king of the swingers and highly adapted to life in the trees. The Hainan Gibbon is the rarest primate on Earth. Conservation and Research - Fauna Conservation, Monitoring the Shark Fin Trade in Hong Kong, Screening of Wildlife Products Sold in Hong Kong Markets, Collaborative Research in KFBG’s Nature Reserve, Self-guide Activities and Suggested Itineraries, Educational Exhibits: Some Rescued Animals Perform an Educational Role, Become a KFBG Member - I’m a Friend of Nature. Still, as recently as 1950, the gibbon population topped 2,000, and it could be found in 12 of Hainan’s 19 counties. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. 95% of their original habitat of lowland, tropical primary forest has been destroyed. the world’s rarest ape, rarest primate, and probably rarest mammal species. Over 2,000 individuals were estimated to live throughout the island in the 1950s, but due to rampant poaching and forest loss, the population declined sharply to less than 10 individuals in the 1970s. An estimated 2,000 Hainan gibbons remained in the wild during the 1950s, but by the 1970s, habitat loss and hunting had slashed their number to 10 individuals. They are slender primates, with long arms and legs. Gibbons are small apes found throughout Southeast Asia. Daarom staat de Hainangibbon als ernstig bedreigd (kritiek) op de rode lijst en behoort deze aap tot de meest bedreigde diersoorten onder de mensapen. De Hainan-gibbons klampen zich letterlijk en figuurlijk vast aan de takken van het regenwoud in de bergen waar mensen nog niet zijn begonnen met houtkap.” Hij zegt ook dat zowel de soort als het leefgebied door de Chinese wet werden en worden beschermd, maar dat is onvoldoende: Conservation efforts had paid off, as the Hainan gibbon was the only one of 19 recognised species of gibbons showing a stable increase in numbers, Lo said. With a remaining population size of 33 individuals, it is the world’s rarest primate. Hainan gibbons are largely frugivorous (eat fruit) and folivorous (eat leaves), but gibbons are also known to like snacking on insects, flowers and bird eggs. The average weight for males is about 14.57 lb (6.61 kg); average weight for females is about 14.47 lb (6.563 kg). Gibbon, any of approximately 20 species of small apes found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. They all lack a tail and are considered the closest relatives to human. The Hainan black-crested gibbon or Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus), is a species of gibbon found only on Hainan Island, China. The species is well-known for being great singers since they sing duets at dawn to mark their territories and enhance bonding, bachelors also sing solos to attract females. This article is more than 5 years old. There are only around 30 of them living in the wild. Molecular data, together with morphology and call differences, suggest it is a separate species. We launched the first population census and only confirmed the presence of 13 individuals in two groups. Most notably, the Hainan Black Crested Gibbon ranks as one of the most fascinating of all primate species. [1], In 2011 werden door onderzoekers nog maar 22 dieren aangetroffen, verdeeld over twee groepen en daarnaast nog vier solitair rondtrekkende dieren. BBC 1 juni 2020 door Helen Briggs, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hainangibbon&oldid=56696520, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding gelijk aan Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. In 2020, it was announced that the population has increased to 30 animals. The average weight of males is about 14.57 lb (6.61 kg); average weight of females is about 14.47 lb (6.563 kg). Bringing the Hainan Gibbon Back from the Brink. The rest are in decline. This species is so rare that they are only found on Hainan Island in China. Scientific Reports. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. [1], Volgens een persbericht van de Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project in mei 2020 werden eind 2019 op Hainan vijf paren geteld met jongen (samen 30 individuen met een nieuw paar dat gezien en gehoord werd). The Hainan gibbon species is restricted to just 0.8 sq mi (2 sq km) within the Bawangling National Nature Reserve on the western side of Hainan Island in the South China Sea. Hainan gibbons weigh between 12.78 and 22.03 lb (5.8-10 kg). It is endemic to Hainan Island and is now restricted to Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. [2], Hainangibbons zijn uitgesproken bosdieren die overdag actief zijn. Males are generally completely black and have white or buff cheeks, while the females are a golden or buff colour all over with black patches including a streak of black on the head. The Hainan gibbon and eastern black gibbon differ in their hair coloration (Geissmann et al. Like the great apes, they have a humanlike build and no tail, but they seem to lack higher cognitive abilities and self-awareness. Interesting Gibbon Facts: Gibbons are small and lightweight apes. Still, as recently as 1950, the gibbon population topped 2,000, and it could be found in 12 of Hainan’s 19 counties. Most gibbon species are monogamous, but the Hainan Gibbon lives in families consisting of one husband, two wives and their immature offspring. In a drastic effort to save the species, the Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project monitored and researched those last holdouts, patrolled their territories for hunters, and planted trees. The Hainan Black Crested Gibbon is a species which is coloured differently for each sex. But perhaps the most noteworthy fact about this primate, however, remains its truly unfortunate status. 2) Concolor or black crested gibbon (Nomascus concolor) 3) Eastern black crested gibbon or Cao Vit (Nomascus nasutus) 4) Hainan black crested gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) 5) Northern white-cheeked gibbon (Nomascus leucogenys) 6) Southern white-cheeked gibbon (Nomascus siki) 7) Yellow –cheeked gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae) 4. To pull the species back from the brink of extinction, KCC worked with Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve to establish two gibbon monitoring teams, sponsor researchers to study the species, conduct annual population census, plant the species’ favourite native food trees produced by a local nursery, promote sustainable agriculture (rubber agroforestry and eco beekeeping) and conduct awareness raising activities amongst the local community. De Hainangibbon is een endemische soort die alleen voorkomt op het eiland Hainan (China). Op grond van DNA-onderzoek en nauwkeurige analyse van het geluid is geconcludeerd dat het hier om een soort gaat en niet om een ondersoort Nomascus nasutus hainanus. This species is so rare that they are only found on Hainan Island in China. The Hainan Gibbon Look at this baby Hainan Gibbon! It is endemic to Hainan Island and is now restricted to Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. 10 (15176). This article is more than 5 years old. The population of the Hainan black-crested gibbon has largely decreased in the 1970s due to habitat loss. Numerous projects to study the gibbons’ ecology, habitat and population dynamics have also been funded. In 2003, the Kadoorie Conservation China Department (KCC) was invited by the local authority to take an active role in saving the Hainan Gibbon. Seacology, a non-profit organization in Berkeley, California, United States, initiated a project to protect the highly endangered Hainan gibbon in exchange for scholarships for the children of four villages near Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. This outlined various strategies, such as ongoing monitoring of the gibbon population, reforestation and increased patrols to prevent poaching and logging. In 2015, only 10 animals existed, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, or the IUCN. With our determined effort, the Hainan Gibbon population has increased to more than 30 individuals in five groups in 2020. Gibbon, (family Hylobatidae), any of approximately 20 species of small apes found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia.Gibbons, like the great apes (gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees, and bonobos), have a humanlike build and no tail, but gibbons seem to lack higher cognitive abilities and self-awareness. (Zhang, et al., 2010; Zhou, et al., 2005) De Hainangibbon lijkt sterk op de verwante Nomascus nasutus. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. Since 1989, the Hainan black-crested gibbon has been under first-class state protection in China. First use of artificial canopy bridge by the world's most critically endangered primate the Hainan gibbon Nomascus hainanus. The Hainan gibbon, Nomascus hainanus (Thomas), is the world's rarest ape and one of world's most endangered mammal species (Bryant et al. (Zhang, et al., 2010; Zhou, et al., 2005) In 2005, the first Conservation Action Plan to protect the Hainan gibbon was created. This occurs due to the fact that the two genders develop completely different color patterns. The Hainan Gibbon Look at this baby Hainan Gibbon! Ze trekken rond in groepjes van 4 tot 8 individuen. They can reach 17 to 25 inches in length and weigh between 9 and 29 pounds. [3] De IUCN schat de achteruitgang in aantal op met dan 80% in 45 jaar (>3,5% per jaar). As of 2020, it is the only gibbon species assessed by the IUCN Red List to have a stable population – all 19 other species are decreasing in numbers. Hainan gibbons weigh between 12.78 and 22.03 lb (5.8-10 kg). As a new day dawns the adult males, their fur a deep, rich black, climb to the top of the canopy to greet the rising sun with their warbling cry. Average Life Span In The Wild: Up to 25 years. Ze eten voornamelijk fruit en bladeren. This specie is arboreal and the females give birth to only one offspring every two years! Deze gibbonsoort werd tot 2007 beschouwd als ondersoort van Nomascus nasutus, een gibbonsoort die voorkomt in Vietnam en aangrenzende provincies in China. Tweet In the past 45 years, almost 80% of the population has disappeared , due to hunting, habitat lost and also due to the fact that they only live on one island in particular. Hainan Gibbon Facts The Hainan gibbon is the rarest ape in the world. They are slender primates, possess with long arms and legs. Ravaged by deforestation and poaching, the ape now lives only in … 6 How fast is a Hainan gibbon? The entire population of the Hainan black-crested gibbon, Nomascus hainanus, is found in the 300 km^2 Bawangling National Nature Reserve (BNNR) on Hainan Island off of the coast of China.Historically, N. hainanus was widespread on Hainan Island but a recent estimate put its entire geographic range as low as 14 to 16 km^2 of BNNR. Weight: 9 to 29 pounds. Gibbons, together with the Orang-utans of Asia and Chimpanzee and Gorillas of Africa, are the four living non-human apes. It was formerly considered a subspecies of the eastern black crested gibbon (Nomascus nasutus) from Hòa Bình and Cao Bằng provinces of Vietnamand Jingxi County in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. The Hainan gibbon is active during the day, eats almost only fruits, like figues for example. Habitat loss and fragmentation are the primary drivers of Hainan gibbon population decline. Hainan gibbon ‘clinging on’ with 25 left in China. 95% of their original habitat of lowland, tropical primary forest has been destroyed. [4], Hainangibbon op de IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Glimmer of hope for world's rarest primate. 2000; Mootnick 2006) and territorial calls (La Q. Trung and Trinh D. Hoang 2004). De Hainangibbon (Nomascus hainanus) is een soort van de familie gibbons (Hylobatidae) en de superfamilie van de mensapen. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 9 jul 2020 om 16:05. The majestic and enigmatic Hainan gibbon is confined to a single small patch of forest. There are only around 30 Hainan gibbon individuals left in the world, but conservationists see a potential future for this animal. 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